(fl. early ninth century)
   Along with the sixth-century monk Gildas, Nennius was one of the most important early contributors to the legend of King Arthur. His work, the Historia Brittonum (History of the Britons), contains the earliest mention of the figure King Arthur and greatly influenced the twelfth-century writer Geoffrey of Monmouth, who elaborated on the earlier Arthurian tales.
   Nennius was a Welsh historian and antiquary who wrote at the end of the eighth or the beginning of the ninth century. His famous Historia Brittonum is traditionally dated between circa 800 and 829/830 and appeared originally in Wales. It remains uncertain, however, whether Nennius wrote the Historia himself or merely copied it from an earlier source or sources. Although best known for its treatment of the legendary Arthur, the Historia is not without reliable historical information; it includes details on the early residents and Anglo-Saxon invaders of the island, material on the kingdom of Bernicia, and topographical information. The descriptions of the struggles in Bernicia accord well with the tradition recorded by Bede and appear to follow Gildas, who noted that victory sometimes went to the invaders and sometimes to the Britons. Nennius's work is most famous for his account of the Britons' struggle against the Anglo-Saxon invaders, particularly his description of the one great leader, whom he named Arthur. Most significantly, the history of Nennius includes a list of the twelve great victories, culminating with the Battle of Badon Hill, that Arthur won against the invaders. The Historia also contains the history of the world in six ages, tales of miracles and prodigies in England, and details of the life of St. Patrick. The work exists in some thirty-five manuscripts from the tenth to the thirteenth century and was a popular and influential work.
   See also
 ♦ Alcock, Leslie. Arthur's Britain: History and Archeology, a.d. 367-634. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1971.
 ♦ Barber, Richard. The Figure of Arthur. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1972.
 ♦ Nennius. Nennius: British History and the Welsh Annals. Ed. John Morris. Totowa, NJ: Rowan and Littlefield, 1980.
 ♦ Stenton, Frank M. Anglo-Saxon England. 3d ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.

Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nennius — oder Nemniuus ist ein nicht sicher bezeugter frühmittelalterlicher Mönch, Gelehrter und Geschichtsschreiber in Wales im Übergang vom 8. zum 9. Jahrhundert. Nennius gilt gemeinhin als Verfasser der Historia Brittonum, einer mit Sagen und Legenden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nennius — For Nennius, British prince in the works of Geoffrey of Monmouth, see Nennius of Britain. Nennius was a Welsh monk of the 9th century. He has traditionally been attributed with the authorship of the Historia Brittonum, based on the prologue… …   Wikipedia

  • Nennius — Historien et compilateur du début du IXe siècle, Nennius (parfois mentionné Ninnius ou Nemnivus) est connu pour ses compilations en lien avec le calcul du temps (calendrier), mais surtout pour ses apports historiographiques attestés par les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nennius — (fl. 800)    Nennius is the purported author of the Historia Brittonum (History of the Britons), an early ninthcentury compilation containing the first literary reference to Arthur (later called King ARTHUR) as hero of the British people.    Of… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Nennius, S. — S. Nennius (Nennidius), (28. Febr. al. 16., 17. u. 18. Jan.), Abt in Irland, stammte (Butler, engl. Ausg. I. 205) aus königlichem Geblüte. Er wollte aber von keinen Reichthümern wissen als von der Wissenschaft des Kreuzes Christi, nach deren… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nennius — ▪ Welsh historian and poet flourished c. 800       Welsh antiquary who between 796 and about 830 compiled or revised the Historia Brittonum, a miscellaneous collection of historical and topographical information including a description of the… …   Universalium

  • Nennius (Britannien) — Nennius, walisisch Nynniaw, ist in Geoffrey of Monmouths historisch wenig zuverlässiger Geschichtdarstellung Britanniens (Historia Regum Britanniae, ca. 1136) der Name eines britannischen Prinzen zur Zeit von Gaius Iulius Caesars Invasion der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nennius of Britain — Nennius is a prince of Britain at the time of Julius Caesar s invasions of Britain in Geoffrey of Monmouth s legendary History of the Kings of Britain (ca. 1136). In Middle Welsh versions of Geoffrey s Historia he is called Nynniaw. He is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Nennius — Nẹnnius,   Nẹmnius, keltischer Geschichtsschreiber, verfasste um 830 die »Historia Britonum« (auch »Brittonum«), die viel umstrittene Kompilation einer Geschichte der Briten des 7. oder 8. Jahrhunderts; ihr historischer Wert ist gering, der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • NENNIUS —    the reputed author of a chronicle of early British history, who appears to have lived not later perhaps than the 9th century …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”